Police say a man who had a row with a Muslim cleric died in the capital, Abuja, after being set ablaze by a mob supporting the cleric.
Ahmad Usman, 30, was in a local vigilante group and police say about 200 people were mobilised against him.
Eyewitnesses said the row was over an alleged blasphemous remark, but the police have not confirmed this.
Last month, a Christian student was killed by Muslim students who accused her of blasphemy in the city of Sokoto.
There appears to be a rise in mob violence in Nigeria.
Two weeks ago, at least five people were killed in violent clashes between commercial motorbike operators and traders in a suburb of Abuja.
A few days earlier, mob violence led to the death of a 38-year-old sound engineer in the country's commercial hub, Lagos.
Human rights campaigners say the frequent cases of mob violence are fuelled by deep-rooted impunity and a lack of confidence in the criminal justice system.